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Proper use of medical masks and proper hygiene will protect against COVID-19

Based on current information, it is assumed that coronavirus infection can be transmitted from person to person through respiratory and contact routes. Any person who is in close contact (within 1 meter) with a person with ARI has symptoms (sneezing, coughing, etc.) is at risk of exposure to potentially infectious drops of the patient’s discharge from the respiratory tract.  

Wearing a medical mask is one of the preventive measures to limit the spread of certain types of respiratory infections, including Covid-19 in the affected areas. However, using a mask as the only means is not enough to provide adequate protection.

Wearing medical masks by not-infected people can create a false sense of safety, as a result of which people neglect other important measures, such as hand hygiene. In addition, improper use of the mask may reduce its effectiveness in reducing the risk of transmission of infection.

When using masks, you should follow the recommendations for wearing, removing and disposing of them, as well as for hand hygiene after removal.


Persons with respiratory symptoms should:

- wear a medical mask and seek medical help if there is a fever, cough and shortness of breath;

- Clearly follow the advice regarding proper handling of masks.

Rules for handling masks:

- carefully put on the mask so that it covers the mouth and nose, and securely, minimizing the gaps between the face and the mask;

- do not touch the mask during the use;

- remove the mask, holding on to the elastic bands at the back, without touching the front part;

- after each change of mask or if you accidentally touch the used mask, treat 

your hands with alcohol-containing products or wash them with soap (if there are any visible dirt); 

- as soon as the mask becomes wet, change it;

- do not reuse disposable masks;

- immediately after use, throw the masks into the waste container.

Prevention measures:

In the absence of respiratory symptoms, the following rules should be observed:

- avoid crowded places and frequent visits to crowded places;

- maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from any person with symptoms of ARI (cough, sneezing);

- often carry out hygienic treatment of hands with alcohol-based disinfectants;

- when hands are visibly dirty, wash them with soap for at least 30 seconds;

- when coughing and sneezing, cover the mouth and nose with a hand bent at the elbow, or tissue; then immediately throw away the tissue and treat your hands with antiseptic;

- If possible, do not touch your mouth, eyes and nose.