Home-based quarantine is possible subject to the following requirements / conditions:
- There is a separate room where a person can stay, not sharing direct space with other family members.
- The patient and other family / household members have access to the appropriate recommended personal protective equipment (at least gloves and a face mask) and are able to follow the precautions, recommended as part of home care or isolation (e.g. respiratory hygiene and etiquette for coughing, shaking hands).
- There are no people in the household who may be at the increased risk of complications due to COVID-19 infection (people over 65 years of age, children under 5, pregnant women, people with weakened immune systems, or with chronic heart, lung, or kidney diseases).
If it is not possible to comply with these requirements, quarantine should be carried out in health care organizations.
Instructions for the person in home-based quarantine:
- Do not leave home.
- Be in a separate, well-ventilated room with a closed door. Leaving the room is allowed only for necessary procedures and for a short time; while the mouth and nose should be covered by a mask.
- Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, preferably with a disposable handkerchief or with a bent elbow, to prevent the spread of the virus. Wash your hands immediately with soap and water or disinfect them with an alcohol-based antiseptic.
- Wash hands with soap and water or disinfect them with an alcohol-based antiseptic before and after cooking, before meals, and before and after using the toilet. If there is visible dirt on the hands, washing with water and soap is preferable to treatment with an antiseptic substance. For wiping hands, it is preferable to use disposable wipes.
- If possible, use a separate toilet.
- If you experience temperature or respiratory symptoms and for any medical problem, contact a COVID call center or call an ambulance, notifying them of quarantine and indicating the reason for the treatment.
Instructions for members of the household, where home quarantine is provided
- It is recommended to reduce the number of household members who can enter the quarantine room; preference should be given to one healthy person who does not suffer from chronic diseases.
- No visitors should come to the house.
- All household members should wash their hands frequently.
- Make sure that common areas such as the kitchen and toilet are well ventilated.
- When entering the quarantine room, you must wear a tight-fitting medical mask that covers your mouth and nose. If the mask becomes wet or dirty from secretions, it must be replaced immediately with a new clean dry mask. Remove the mask using the appropriate technique, i.e. do not touch the front part. Take off the mask immediately after use and wash your hands.
- Use disposable gloves for any contact with the quarantined person and the quarantine room, including contaminated surfaces, clothing, and bedding.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces daily in a quarantined room.
- All dirty linen of a person in quarantine must be kept in the designated bag in his room before washing. Wash with normal detergent.
- Refrain from sharing objects with a quarantined person through which the virus can be transmitted, such as a toothbrush, cigarettes, dishes, towels, bedding, and so on. The dishes can be washed with soap and water or dishwashing detergent.